ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION

ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION

1. The medical doctor of first contact to the soldier in the armies of developed countries is usually an officer in the medical corps. In peacetime the doctor sees the sick and has functions similar to those of the general practitioner, prescribing drugs and dressings, and there may be a sick bay where ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION slightly sick soldiers can remain for a few days. The doctor is usually assisted by trained nurses and corpsmen. If a further medical opinion is required, the patient can be referred to a specialist at a military or civilian hospital.

2. In a war zone, medical officers have an aid ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION post where, with the help of corpsmen, they apply first aid to the walking wounded and to the more seriously wounded who are brought in. The casualties are evacuated as quickly as possible by field ambulances or helicopters. At a company station, medical officers and medical corpsmen may provide ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION further treatment before patients are evacuated to the main dressing station at the field ambulance headquarters, where a surgeon may perform emergency operations. Thereafter, evacuation may be to casualty clearing stations, to advanced hospitals, or to base hospitals. Air evacuation is widely used.

3. In peacetime most of the ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION intermediate medical units exist only in skeleton form; the active units are at the battalion and hospital level. When physicians join the medical corps, they may join with specialist qualifications, or they may obtain such qualifications while in the army. A feature of army medicine is promotion to ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION administrative positions. The commanding officer of a hospital and the medical officer at headquarters may have no contacts with actual patients.

4. Although medical officers in peacetime have some choice of the land of work they will do, they are in a chain of command and are subject to ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION military discipline. When dealing with patients, however, they are in a special position; they cannot be ordered by a superior officer to give some treatment or take other action that they believe is wrong. Medical officers also do not bear or use arms unless their patients are being attacked ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION.

Обусловьте, является ли утверждение:

55. MEDICAL OFFICERS CAN USE ARMS IF THEIR PATIENTS ARE BEING ATTACKED.

1) настоящим

2) неверным

3) в тексте нет инфы

56. THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF A HOSPITAL MAY HAVE NO CONTACTS WITH PATIENTS.

1) неверным

2) в тексте нет инфы

3) настоящим

57. MEDICAL OFFICERS HAVE TO OBEY THE SUPERIOR OFFICER IN GIVING TREATMENT TO THE PATIENT.

1) настоящим

2) неверным

3) в тексте нет инфы

58. ARMIES AND ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION AIR FORCES MAY SHARE THE SAME MEDICAL SERVICES.

1) неверным

2) настоящим

3) в тексте нет инфы

Укажите, какой части текста (1, 2, 3, 4) соответствует последующая информация:

59. THE WAYS OF EVACUATING THE CASUALTIES FROM THE WAR ZONE ARE DIFFERENT.

1) 1

2) 3

3) 2

4) 4

60. THE FUNCTIONS OF THE ARMY DOCTORS AND THE GENERAL PRACTITIONERS ARE SIMILAR IN PEACETIME.

1) 2

2) 3

3) 1

4) 4

61. ОТВЕТЬТЕ НА ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION ВОПРОС:

WHERE CAN ARMY PHYSICIANS OBTAIN THEIR QUALIFICATIONS?

1) They may obtain their qualifications while being the army.

2) They must obtain their qualifications only in the medical institution.

3) The qualifications are usually obtained by army physicians through participation in war actions.

4) They can get practice in different medical units.

62. Обусловьте ОСНОВНУЮ ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION ИДЕЮ ТЕКСТА

1) The medical doctor prescribes drugs and dressings.

2) The army medical organization has its special features.

3) The doctor is usually assisted by trained nurses and corpsmen.

4) In a war zone, medical officers apply first aid to the walking wounded.

Text 9

PUBLIC HEALTH CARE

1. Public health has been defined as the art and ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION science of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical and mental health, sanitation, personal hygiene, control of infection, and organization of health services. From the normal human interactions there has emerged recognition of the importance of community action in the promotion of health and the prevention and treatment ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION of disease.

2. The practice of public health chaws heavily on medical science and philosophy and concentrates especially on manipulating and controlling the environment for the benefit of the public. It is concerned therefore with housing, water supplies, and food. Public health medicine is a part of the greater enterprise ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION of preserving and improving the public health. Occupational medicine is concerned with the health, safety, and welfare of people in the workplace. Its aim is to reduce the risks in the environment in which people work.

3. The venture of preserving, maintaining, and actively promoting public health requires special methods ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION of information-gathering (epidemiology) and corporate arrangements to act upon significant findings and put them into practice. Statistics collected by epidemiologists attempt to describe and explain the occurrence of disease in a population by correlating factors such as diet, environment, radiation, or cigarette smoking with the incidence and prevalence of ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION disease.

4. The government, through laws and regulations, creates agencies to oversee and formally inspect such things as water supplies, food processing, sewage treatment, drains, air contamination, and pollution. Governments are also concerned with the control of epidemic infections by means of enforced quarantine and isolation - for ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION example, the health control that takes place at seaports and airports in an attempt to assure that infectious diseases are not brought into a country.

Обусловьте, является ли утверждение:

63. HEALTH CONTROL AT AIRPORTS IS A PREVENTIVE MEASURE AGAINST BRINGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES INTO A COUNTRY.

1) в тексте нет инфы

2) настоящим

3) неверным

64. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION INSPECT WATER SUPPLIES, AIR CONTAMINATION, AND POLLUTION.

1) неверным

2) в тексте нет инфы

3) настоящим

65. OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE IS AIMED AT REDUCING THE RISKS IN THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH PEOPLE LIVE.

1) настоящим

2) неверным

3) в тексте нет инфы

66. THERE ARE STILL MANY PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED IN THE SPHERE OF PUBLIC HEALTH.

1) настоящим

2) неверным

3) в тексте нет инфы

Укажите, какой части текста (1, 2, 3, 4) соответствует последующая ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION информация:

67. GOVERNMENTS PLAY AN IMPORTANT PART IN THE SYSTEM OF CONTROL OF EPIDEMIC INFECTIONS.

1) 4

2) 1

3) 3

4) 2

68. THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH PEOPLE WORK IS A CONCERN OF PUBLIC HEALTH MEDICINE.

1) 1

2) 3

3) 4

4) 2

69. ОТВЕТЬТЕ НА ВОПРОС:

WHAT INFORMATION DO EPIDEMIOLOGISTS PROVIDE?

1) Statistics collected by epidemiologists explain how to put corporate arrangements into practice.

2) They ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION use statistics to provide special diets for the population.

3) They provide data for government through laws and regulations.

4) They collect data and try to explain the relationship between a disease and different environmental and behavioral factors.

70. Обусловьте ОСНОВНУЮ ИДЕЮ ТЕКСТА

1) Medicine is involved in improving the health, safety, and welfare ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION of population.

2) The art and science of public health deals with preserving, maintaining, and actively promoting physical and mental health of people.

3) Public health is concerned with housing, water supplies, and food.

4) Governments are responsible for public health in their countries.

Text 10

THERAPEUTICS

1. Therapeutics is treatment and care of ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION a patient for the purpose of both preventing and combating disease or alleviating pain or injury. The term comes from the Greek "therapeutikos", which means "inclined to serve." In a broad sense therapeutics means serving and caring for the patient in a comprehensive manner, preventing disease as well as managing ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION specific problems.

2. Exercise, diet, and mental factors are therefore integral to the prevention, as well as the management, of disease processes. More specific measures that are employed to treat specific symptoms include the use of drugs to relieve pain or treat infection, surgery to remove diseased tissue or ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION replace poorly functioning or nonfunctioning organs, and counseling or psychotherapy to relieve emotional distress. Confidence in the physician and in the method selected enhances effectiveness.

3. Disease is a harmful deviation from the normal structural or functional state of an organism. A diseased organism commonly exhibits signs or symptoms indicative of its ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION abnormal state. Thus, the normal condition of an organism must be understood in order to recognize the hallmarks of disease. Nevertheless, a sharp demarcation between disease and health is not always apparent.

4. The study of disease is called pathology. It involves the determination of the cause (etiology) of the ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION disease, the understanding of the mechanisms of its development (pathogenesis), the structural changes associated with the disease process (morphological changes), and the functional consequences of these changes. Correctly identifying the cause of a disease is necessary to identifying the proper course of treatment. Humans, animals, and plants are all ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION susceptible to diseases of some sort. However, that which disrupts the normal functioning of one type of organism may have no effect on the other types.

Обусловьте, является ли утверждение:

71. BOTH ANIMALS AND PLANTS ARE ALWAYS EXPOSED TO DISEASES.

1) в тексте нет инфы

2) неверным

3) настоящим

72. IT'S MUCH EASIER TO ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION TREAT THE DISEASE WHEN THE CAUSE OF IT IS KNOWN.

1) в тексте нет инфы

2) неверным

3) настоящим

73. POST-OPERATIVE THERAPY MAY INCLUDE SUCH TREATMENT AS CHEMOTHERAPY OR RADIATION THERAPY.

1) неверным

2) настоящим

3) в тексте нет инфы

74. MEDICINE IS THE SCIENCE CONCERNED WITH THE MAINTENANCE OF HEALTH AND THE PREVENTION, ALLEVIATION, OR CURE OF DISEASE.

1) неверным

2) настоящим

3) в тексте нет инфы

Укажите ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION, какой части текста (1, 2, 3, 4) соответствует последующая информация:

75. PATHOLOGY DETERMINES STRUCTURAL CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH THE DISEASE PROCESS.

1) 1

2) 4

3) 2

4) 3

76. EFFECTIVE TREATMENT DEPENDS ON THE CONFIDENCE OF A PATIENT IN THE PHYSICIAN AND IN THE METHOD SELECTED.

1) 2

2) 4

3) 1

4) 3

77. ОТВЕТЬТЕ НА ВОПРОС:

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND THE NORMAL CONDITION OF AN ORGANISM?

1) It is ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION necessary for managing specific problems.

2) It is necessary for recognizing the symptoms of a disease.

3) It is necessary for treating specific symptoms.

4) It is necessary for removing diseased tissue.

78. Обусловьте ОСНОВНУЮ ИДЕЮ ТЕКСТА:

1) Diet plays an important part in prevention of diseases.

2) The word "therapeutics" is of Greek origin ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION.

3) The concepts "disease" and "health" differ from each other.

4) The scope of studies of therapeutics is very broad.


Ключи

I. Ключи к тестовым заданиям по грамматике британского языка на материале бытовой лексики


1) 4

2) 3

3) 1

4) 1

5) 2

6) 2

7) 1

8) 2

9) 4

11) 1

12) 3

13) 1

14) 1

15) 2

16) 1

17) 1

18) 4

19) 1

20) 3

21) 1

22) 4

23) 3

24) 4

25) 3

26) 1

27) 2

28) 4

29) 1

30) 3

31) 2

32) 4

33) 2

34) 2

35) 1

36) 1

37) 2

38) 1

39) 3

40) 1

41) 2

42) 1

43) 2

44) 1

45) 2

46) 1

47) 4

48) 1

49) 2

50) 1

51) 3

52) 3

53) 1

54) 1

55) 2

56) 2

57) 3

58) 3

59) 2

60) 2

61) 1

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63) 4

64) 4

65) 4

66) 1

67) 2

68) 2

69) 3

70) 4

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73) 4

74) 2

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77) 1

78) 3

79) 4

80) 4

81) 3

82) 4

83) 3

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89) 4

90) 1

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92) 2

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97) 1

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100) 1

101) 1

102) 2

103) 3

104) 4

105) 4

106) 4

107) 4

108) 2

109) 4

110) 3

111) 4

112) 4

113) 2

114) 2

115) 3

116) 4

117) 2

118) 3

119) 1

120) 4


II. Ключи к тестовым заданиям по грамматике британского языка на материале общепрофессиональной мед лексики


1) 3

2) 2

3) 2

4) 3

5) 4

6) 2

7) 4

8) 2

9) 1

10) 1

11) 3

12) 2

13) 3

14) 2

15) 1

16) 4

17) 1

18) 1

19) 4

20) 2

21) 4

22) 1

23) 4

24) 1

25) 2

26) 1

27) 3

28) 2

29) 3

30) 2

31) 1

32) 4

33) 4

34) 3

35) 1

36) 3

37) 3

38) 2

39) 2

40) 1

41) 1

42) 2

43) 2

44) 1

45) 4

46) 2

47) 3

48) 2

49) 4

50) 2

51) 1

52) 3

53) 2

54) 3

55) 1

56) 2

57) 1

58) 2

59) 3

60) 4

61) 3

62) 2

63) 1

64) 1

65) 4

66) 4

67) 1

68) 1

69) 1

70) 4

71) 2

72) 2

73) 3

74) 1

75) 1

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77) 2

78) 2

79) 2

80) 4

81) 1

82) 3

83) 4

84) 1

85) 3

86) 2

87) 2

88) 4

89) 3

90) 1

91) 1

92) 3

93) 1

94) 3

95) 1

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97) 2

98) 1

99) 3

100) 4

101) 3

102) 4

103) 2

104) 4

105) 1

106) 4

107) 3

108) 4

109) 1

110) 1

111) 1

112) 3

113) 2

114) 1

115) 1

116) 3

117) 1

118) 3

119) 2

120) 4

121) 1

122) 4

123) 2

124) 1

125) 4

126) 4

127) 1

128) 3

129) 3

130) 4

131) 1

132) 3

133) 2

134) 1

135) 1

136) 1

137) 4

138) 4

139) 2

140) 2

141) 1

142) 4

143) 2

144) 1

145) 2

146) 4

147) 2

148) 3

149) 4

150) 2


III. Ключи к тестовым заданиям ARMY MEDICAL ORGANIZATION по страноведению


1) 2

2) 3

3) 1

4) 4

5) 1

6) 1

7) 3

8) 1

9) 4

10) 2

11) 2

12) 1

13) 4

14) 3

15) 2

16) 2

17) 4

18) 3

19) 3

20) 4

21) 3

22) 3

23) 3

24) 3

25) 2

26) 2

27) 3

28) 2

29) 1

30) 1



IV. Ключи к тестовым заданиям на познание мед лексики общепрофессиональной направленности


1) 2

2) 4

3) 3

4) 2

5) 1

6) 3

7) 4

8) 3

9) 2

10) 4

11) 2

12) 1

13) 2

14) 2

15) 1

16) 1

17) 3

18) 4

19) 1

20) 3

21) 2

22) 2

23) 2

24) 3

25) 4

26) 3

27) 1

28) 2

29) 3

30) 1

31) 2

32) 3

33) 2

34) 1

35) 2

36) 3

37) 1

38) 2

39) 4

40) 1

41) 1

42) 2

43) 3

44) 2

45) 4

46) 2

47) 1

48) 4

49) 1

50) 3

51) 2

52) 3

53) 1

54) 2

55) 1

56) 3

57) 1

58) 3

59) 2

60) 1



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